Vital Results Standards for
Lesson 3
Theme: The importance of the vote


State Vital Results Standards to which this lesson relates:

Communications
Clarification and Restatement

1.13 Students listen actively and respond to communications. This is evident when students:
1.13.a. Ask clarifying questions;
1.13.b. Restate; and
1.13.c. Respond through discussion, writing, and using art forms.

Speaking

1.11 Students use verbal and nonverbal skills to express themselves effectively. This is evident when students:
1.15.e. Use language expressively and persuasively; and
1.15.f. Constructively express preferences, feelings, and needs.
1.15.g. Assume roles in group communication tasks.Reasoning and Problem Solving

Types of Questions

2.1 Students ask a variety of questions. This is evident when students:
2.1.b. Ask questions to determine why events occur;
2.1.c. Ask questions that compare and contrast, to determine similarities and differences;
2.1.d. Ask questions that help make connections within and across fields of knowledge and/or between concepts; and
2.1.e. Ask reflective questions that connect new ideas to personal experience.

Abstract and Creative Thinking
Fluency

2.10 Students generate several ideas, using a variety of approaches.

Elaboration

2.11 Students represent their ideas and/or the ideas of others in detailed form.

Flexibility

2.12 Students modify or change their original ideas and/or the ideas of others to generate innovative solutions.

Personal Development
Informed Decisions

3.7 Students make informed decisions. This is evident when students:
3.7.d. Recognize others' points of view, and assess their decisions from others' perspectives;

Teamwork

3.10 Students perform effectively on teams that set and achieve goals, conduct investigations, solve problems, and create solutions (e.g., by using consensus-building and cooperation to work toward group decisions).

Interactions

3.11 Students interact respectfully with others, including those with whom they have differences.

Conflict Resolution

3.12 Students use systematic and collaborative problem-solving processes, including mediation, to negotiate and resolve conflicts.

Roles and Responsibilities

3.13 Students analyze their roles and responsibilities in their family, their school, and their community.

Dependability and Productivity

3.14 Students demonstrate dependability, productivity, and initiative. This is evident when students:
3.14.b. Complete assignments on schedule; and
3.14.c. Participate in classroom and group discussions.

Democratic Processes

4.2 Students participate in democratic processes. This is evident when students:
4.2.a. Work cooperatively and respectfully with people of various groups to set community goals and solve common problems.

Civic and Social Responsibility
Service

4.1 Students take an active role in their community. This is evident when students:
4.1.b. Use academic skills and knowledge in real-life community situations.

Democratic Processes

4.2 Students participate in democratic processes. This is evident when students:
4.2.a. Work cooperatively and respectfully with people of various groups to set community goals and solve common problems.

Continuity and Change

4.5 Students understand continuity and change. This is evident when students:
4.5.aa. Demonstrate an understanding that perceptions of change are based on personal experiences, historical and social conditions, and the implications of the change for the future.

Understanding Place

4.6 Students demonstrate understanding of the relationship between their local environment and community heritage and how each shapes their lives. This is evident when students:
4.6.cc. Explore and participate in sustaining or building on unique and valued elements of past and present community heritage (e.g., survey community to improve access to town meeting).

History and Social Sciences
Causes and Effects in Human Societies

6.1 Students examine complex webs of causes and effects in relations to events in order to generalize about the workings of human societies, and they apply their findings to problems. This is evident when students:
6.1.c. Examine specific events, make general observations about human behavior, and apply these observations in proposing solutions to a similar social problem.

Meaning of Citizenship

6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.

Traditional and Social Histories

6.5 Students investigate both the traditional and the social histories of the people, places, and cultures under study, including those of indigenous peoples. This is evident when students:
6.5.b. Demonstrate understanding of the relationships among powerful people, important events, and the lives of common people.

Meaning of Citizenship

6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.

Types of Government

6.10 Students compare and evaluate the philosophical underpinnings and the workings of different types of governments, including constitutional governments, in various times in their local community, in Vermont, in the United States, and in various locations world wide. This is evident when students:
6.10.aa. Describe the basic principles of democracy (e.g. individual rights, responsibility for the common good, equal protection under the law, freedom of speech, majority rule with protection for minority rights) and draw historical connections to Greece, Rome, and Pre-Columbian and Colonial America;
6.10.bb. Identify and describe the basic features of the political system in the United States, the three branches of government, and identify representative leaders from various levels of government and the role of the branches within those governments.

Governments and Resources

6.17 Students understand how governments affect the flow of resources, goods, and services. This is evident when students:
6.17.aa. Examine the role of the federal, state and the local government in supporting schools, highways, the social welfare system, and the care of natural resources; and
6.17.b. Identify the role of government in economic policy and how it affects individuals and groups (e.g. taxes, tariffs, and public budgets).

Nature of Conflict

6.18 Students analyze the nature of conflicts, how they have been or might be resolved, and how some have shaped the divisions in various times of their local community, Vermont, the United States, and the world. This is evident when students:
6.18.b. Formulate a position on a conflict and evaluate the consequences on the individual and society;