Vital Results Standards for
Lesson 1
Theme: Ballots, Polls, & Voting Booths


State Vital Results Standards to which this lesson relates:

Communications
Writing Dimensions

1.5 Students draft, revise, edit, and critique written products so that final drafts are appropriate in terms of the following dimensions:
Purpose -- Intent is established and maintained within a given piece of writing.
Organization -- The writing demonstrates order and coherence.
Details -- The details contribute to development of ideas and information, evoke images, or otherwise elaborate on or clarify the content of the writing.
Voice or Tone -- An appropriate voice or tone is established and maintained.

Writing Conventions
1.6 Students’ independent writing demonstrates command of appropriate English conventions, including grammar, usage, and mechanics. This is evident when students:
1.6.a. Use clear sentences, correct syntax, and grade-appropriate mechanics so that what is written can be easily understood by the reader.

Reports
1.8 In written reports, students organize and convey information and ideas accurately and effectively. This is evident when students:
1.8.g. Establish an authoritative stance on a subject, and appropriately identify and address the reader's need to know;
1.8.h. Include appropriate facts and details, excluding extraneous and inappropriate information; and
1.8.i. Develop a controlling idea that conveys a perspective on the subject.
1.8.k. Organize text in a framework appropriate to purpose, audience, and content.

Information Literacy
1.18 Students use computers, telecommunications, and other tools of technology to research, to gather information and ideas, and to represent information and ideas accurately and appropriately.

Persuasive Writing
In persuasive writing, students judge, propose, and persuade. This is evident when students:
1.11.e. Take an authoritative stand on a topic;
1.11.f. Support the statement with sound reasoning; and
1.11.g. Use a range of strategies to elaborate and persuade.

Reasoning and Problem Solving
Problem Solving Process

2.2 Students use reasoning strategies, knowledge, and common sense to solve complex problems related to all fields of knowledge. This is evident when students:
2.2.aa. Seek information from reliable sources, including knowledge, observation, and trying things out;
2.2.cc. Consider, test, and justify more than one solution;
2.2.dd. Find meaning in patterns and connections (underlying concepts); and
2.2.aaa. Critically evaluate the validity and significance of sources and interpretations.

Types of Problems
2.3 Students solve problems of increasing complexity. This is evident
when students:
2.3.aaa. Solve problems that require processing several pieces of information simultaneously;
2.3.bbb. Solve problems of increasing levels of abstraction, and that extend to diverse settings and situations; and
2.3.c. Solve problems that require the appropriate use of qualitative and/or quantitative data based on the problem.

Improving Effectiveness
2.4 Students devise and test ways of improving the effectiveness of a system. This is evident when students:
2.4.a. Evaluate the effectiveness of a system;
2.4.b. Identify possible improvements

Personal Development
Roles and Responsibilities

3.13 Students analyze their roles and responsibilities in their family, their school, and their community.

Making Decisions
Informed Decisions

3.7 Students make informed decisions. This is evident when students:
3.7.c. Describe and explain their decisions based on evidence;
3.7.d. Recognize others' points of view, and assess their decisions from others' perspectives;
3.7.e. Analyze and consider alternative decisions; and
3.7.f. Differentiate between decisions based on fact and those based on opinion.
3.7.cc. Describe and explain their decisions based on and logical argument.Civic and Social Responsibility

Democratic Processes
4.2 Students participate in democratic processes. This is evident when students:
4.2.a. Work cooperatively and respectfully with people of various groups to set community goals and solve common problems.

Continuity and Change
4.5 Students understand continuity and change. This is evident when students:
4.5.aaa. Analyze personal, family, systemic, cultural, environmental, historical, and societal changes over time - both rapid, revolutionary changes and those that evolve more slowly.

Understanding Place
4.6 Students demonstrate understanding of the relationship between their local environment and community heritage and how each shapes their lives. This is evident when students:
4.6.bbb. Evaluate and predict how current trends (e.g., environmental, economic, social, political, technological) will affect the future of their local community and environment.

Arts, Language, and Literature
Responding To Media

5.14 Students interpret and evaluate a variety of types of media, including audio, graphic images, film, television, video, and on-line resources. This is evident when students:
5.14.d. Make connections among various components of a media presentation (graphics, text, sound, movement, and data) and analyze how these components form a unified message;
5.14.e. Support judgments about what is seen and heard through additional research and the checking of multiple sourcesHistory and Social Sciences

Meaning of Citizenship
6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.