Vital Results Standards for
Lesson 17
Theme: Now I see why that happened!
State Vital Results Standards to which this lesson relates:

Communications
Reading Comprehension
1.3 Students read for meaning, demonstrating both initial understanding and personal response to what is read. This is evident when students:
1.3.g. Analyze, interpret, and evaluate texts produced for a wide range of purposes and audiences, including their cultural, political, and aesthetic contexts.

Reading Range of Text
1.4 Students comprehend and respond to a range of media, images, and text (e.g., poetry, narrative, information, technical) for a variety of purposes (e.g., reading for pleasure as well as reading to develop understanding and expertise). This is evident when students:
1.4.c. Read primary and secondary sources

Information Literacy
1.18 Students use computers, telecommunications, and other tools of technology to research, to gather information and ideas, and to represent information and ideas accurately and appropriately.

Reasoning and Problem Solving
Problem Solving Process

2.2 Students use reasoning strategies, knowledge, and common sense to solve complex problems related to all fields of knowledge. This is evident when students:
2.2.aa. Seek information from reliable sources, including knowledge, observation, and trying things out;
2.2.cc. Consider, test, and justify more than one solution;
2.2.dd. Find meaning in patterns and connections (underlying concepts); and
2.2.aaa. Critically evaluate the validity and significance of sources and interpretations.

Civic and Social Responsibility
Continuity and Change

4.5 Students understand continuity and change. This is evident when students:
4.5.aaa. Analyze personal, family, systemic, cultural, environmental, historical, and societal changes over time - both rapid, revolutionary changes and those that evolve more slowly.

History and Social Sciences
Causes and Effects in Human Societies

6.1 Students examine complex webs of causes and effects in relations to events in order to generalize about the workings of human societies, and they apply their findings to problems. This is evident when students:
6.1.d. Use knowledge of change and continuity in making decisions and taking action on public issues

Meaning of Citizenship
6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.

Types of Government
6.10 Students compare and evaluate the philosophical underpinnings and the workings of different types of governments, including constitutional governments, in various times in their local community, in Vermont, in the United States, and in various locations world wide. This is evident when students:
6.10.aaa. Analyze how people organize and exercise political power in limited governments (e.g. United States, Japan, India,) and unlimited governments (e.g. 20th Century totalitarian systems) and assess how each system has or has not worked in practice as representative democracies or authoritarian regimes
6.10.bbb. Evaluate how political systems, including the American system, evolve;

Institutional Access
6.11 Students analyze the access that various groups and individuals have had to justice, reward, and power, as those are evident in the institutions in various times in their local community, in Vermont, in the United States, and in various locations world wide. This is evident when students:
6.11.c. Analyze the influences that interest groups and public opinion have had on political, social, and economic life.