Vital Results Standards for
Lesson 20
Theme: What can one person do?

State Vital Results Standards to which this lesson relates:

Communications
Responses to Literature

1.7 In written responses to literature, students show understanding of reading; connect what has been read to the broader world of ideas, concepts, and issues; and make judgments about the text. This is evident when students:
1.7.g. Establish interpretive claims and support them.

Reports
1.8 In written reports, students organize and convey information and ideas accurately and effectively. This is evident when students:
1.8.j. Use a variety of strategies to develop the report; and
1.8.k. Organize text in a framework appropriate to purpose, audience, and content.

Persuasive Writing
1.11 In persuasive writing, students judge, propose, and persuade. This is evident when students:
1.11.e. Take an authoritative stand on a topic;
1.11.f. Support the statement with sound reasoning; and
1.11.g. Use a range of strategies to elaborate and persuade.

Research
1.17 Students use organizational systems to obtain information from various sources (including libraries and the Internet). This is evident when students:
1.19.b. Develop an effective search strategy to satisfy their informational needs;
1.19.c. Conduct effective searches for information and ideas;
1.19.d. Evaluate information for timeliness, relevance, bias, accuracy, quality, and accessibility
1.19.e. Synthesize and organize information;
1.19.f. Present information in appropriate formats

Writing Dimensions
1.5 Students draft, revise, edit, and critique written products so that final drafts are appropriate in terms of the following dimensions:
Purpose -- Intent is established and maintained within a given piece of writing.
Organization -- The writing demonstrates order and coherence.
Details -- The details contribute to development of ideas and information, evoke images, or otherwise elaborate on or clarify the content of the writing.
Voice or Tone -- An appropriate voice or tone is established and maintained.

Writing Conventions
1.6 Students’ independent writing demonstrates command of appropriate English conventions, including grammar, usage, and mechanics. This is evident when students:
1.6.a. Use clear sentences, correct syntax, and grade-appropriate mechanics so that what is written can be easily understood by the reader.

Reasoning and Problem Solving
Problem Solving Process

2.2 Students use reasoning strategies, knowledge, and common sense to solve complex problems related to all fields of knowledge. This is evident when students:
2.2.aa. Seek information from reliable sources, including knowledge, observation, and trying things out;
2.2.cc. Consider, test, and justify more than one solution;
2.2.dd. Find meaning in patterns and connections (underlying concepts); and
2.2.aaa. Critically evaluate the validity and significance of sources and interpretations.

Personal Development
Roles and Responsibilities

3.13 Students analyze their roles and responsibilities in their family, their school, and their community.

Teamwork
3.10 Students perform effectively on teams that set and achieve goals, conduct investigations, solve problems, and create solutions (e.g., by using consensus-building and cooperation to work toward group decisions).

Informed Decisions
3.7 Students make informed decisions. This is evident when students:
3.7.c. Describe and explain their decisions based on evidence;
3.7.cc. Describe and explain their decisions based on and logical argument.
3.7.d. Recognize others' points of view, and assess their decisions from others' perspectives;
3.7.e. Analyze and consider alternative decisions; and
3.7.f. Differentiate between decisions based on fact and those based on opinion.

Civic and Social Responsibility
Service

4.1 Students take an active role in their community. This is evident when students:
4.1.b. Use academic skills and knowledge in real-life community situations.

Democratic Processes
4.2 Students participate in democratic processes. This is evident when students:
4.2.a. Work cooperatively and respectfully with people of various groups to set community goals and solve common problems.

History and Social Sciences
Uses of Evidence and Data

6.2 Students understand the varied uses of evidence and data, and use both to make interpretations concerning public issues. This is evident when students:
6.2.c. Distinguish among fact, bias, stereotyping, generalizing, and categorizing in gathering and presenting evidence and data;
6.2.d. Find evidence to support claims; and
6.2.e. Judge credibility of sources.

Meaning of Citizenship
6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.