Vital Results Standards for
Lesson 1
Theme: Voting is everyone's duty

State Vital Results Standards to which this lesson relates:

Clarification and Restatement

1.13 Students listen actively and respond to communications. This is evident when students:
1.13.a. Ask clarifying questions;
1.13.b. Restate; and
1.13.c. Respond through discussion, writing, and using art forms.


1.11 Students use verbal and nonverbal skills to express themselves effectively. This is evident when students:
1.15.e. Use language expressively and persuasively; and
1.15.f. Constructively express preferences, feelings, and needs.
1.15.g. Assume roles in group communication tasks.Reasoning and Problem Solving

Problem Solving Process

2.2 Students use reasoning strategies, knowledge, and common sense to solve complex problems related to all fields of knowledge. This is evident when students:
2.2.f. Implement an approach that addresses the problem being posed; and
2.2.aa. Seek information from reliable sources, including knowledge, observation, and trying things out; Evaluate approaches for effectiveness and make adjustments; Consider, test, and justify more than one solution; Select and apply appropriate methods, tools and strategies.

Types of Problems

2.3 Students solve problems of increasing complexity. This is evident
when students:
2.3.aa. Solve problems that require processing several pieces of information; and Solve problems that are related to diverse topics, including the less familiar.

Abstract and Creative Thinking

2.10 Students generate several ideas, using a variety of approaches.


2.11 Students represent their ideas and/or the ideas of others in detailed form.


2.12 Students modify or change their original ideas and/or the ideas of others to generate innovative solutions.


2.14 Students plan and organize an activity. This is evident when students:
2.14.a. Develop a proposal for an activity, and obtain approval for it to take place;
2.14.b. Plan and organize all aspects of the event Personal Development


3.3 Students demonstrate respect for themselves and others.

Informed Decisions

3.7 Students make informed decisions. This is evident when students:
3.7.b. Evaluate the consequences of decisions.
3.7.c. Describe and explain their decisions based on evidence;
3.7.d. Recognize others' points of view, and assess their decisions from others' perspectives;
3.7.e. Analyze and consider alternative decisions;


3.10 Students perform effectively on teams that set and achieve goals, conduct investigations, solve problems, and create solutions (e.g., by using consensus-building and cooperation to work toward group decisions).


3.11 Students interact respectfully with others, including those with whom they have differences.

Conflict Resolution

3.12 Students use systematic and collaborative problem-solving processes, including mediation, to negotiate and resolve conflicts.

Roles and Responsibilities

3.13 Students analyze their roles and responsibilities in their family, their school, and their community.

Dependability and Productivity

3.14 Students demonstrate dependability, productivity, and initiative. This is evident when students:
3.14.b. Complete assignments on schedule; and
3.14.c. Participate in classroom and group discussions.

Democratic Processes

4.2 Students participate in democratic processes. This is evident when students:
4.2.a. Work cooperatively and respectfully with people of various groups to set community goals and solve common problems.

Civic and Social Responsibility

4.1 Students take an active role in their community. This is evident when students:
4.1.b. Use academic skills and knowledge in real-life community situations.History and Social Sciences

Causes and Effects in Human Societies

6.1 Students examine complex webs of causes and effects in relations to events in order to generalize about the workings of human societies, and they apply their findings to problems. This is evident when students:
6.1.c. Examine specific events, make general observations about human behavior, and apply these observations in proposing solutions to a similar social problem.

Meaning of Citizenship

6.9 Students examine and debate the meaning of citizenship and act as citizens in a democratic society. This is evident when students:
6.9.b. Analyze and debate the problems of majority rule and the protection of minority rights as written in the U.S. Constitution.

Types of Government

6.10 Students compare and evaluate the philosophical underpinnings and the workings of different types of governments, including constitutional governments, in various times in their local community, in Vermont, in the United States, and in various locations world wide. This is evident when students:
6.10.aa. Describe the basic principles of democracy (e.g. individual rights, responsibility for the common good, equal protection under the law, freedom of speech, majority rule with protection for minority rights) and draw historical connections to Greece, Rome, and Pre-Columbian and Colonial America; Identify and describe the basic features of the political system in the United States, the three branches of government, and identify representative leaders from various levels of government and the role of the branches within those governments.

Governments and Resources

6.17 Students understand how governments affect the flow of resources, goods, and services. This is evident when students:
6.17.aa. Examine the role of the federal, state and the local government in supporting schools, highways, the social welfare system, and the care of natural resources; and
6.17.b. Identify the role of government in economic policy and how it affects individuals and groups (e.g. taxes, tariffs, and public budgets).

Nature of Conflict

6.18 Students analyze the nature of conflicts, how they have been or might be resolved, and how some have shaped the divisions in various times of their local community, Vermont, the United States, and the world. This is evident when students:
6.18.c. Explain conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and conflict resolution within and among individuals, groups, communities, and nations;

Science, Mathematics and Technology

7.2 Students design and conduct a variety of their own investigations and projects. These should include:
Questions that can be studied using the resources available;
Procedures that are safe, humane, and ethical;
Data that are collected and recorded in ways that others can verify;
Data and results that are represented in ways that address the question at hand;
Recommendations, decisions, and conclusions that are based on evidence, and that acknowledge references and contributions of others;
Results that are communicated appropriately to audiences; and
Reflections and defense of conclusions and recommendations from other sources, and peer review.
This is evident when students:
7.2.dd. Complete a data study based on civic, economic, or social issues;